One day in the mid nineties I was working on a painted design in a new high dollar Houston house while about 50 workers were painting, cleaning and arranging, getting ready for the new owner to move in. I heard a man come to the door asking for Glen Miracle (me). The guy near the door said, “Oh, that’s the old white guy”. My colleague Scott and I were the only white guys on the job that day and, then, in my mid forties, I was probably the oldest person there. Hispanic workers dominate the home building businesses in Texas.
I have been working 40 years in construction and agriculture and this is what I have seen in the labor market.
Large employers of temporary workers, such as painters, landscapers, cleaners, and agricultural employees, donate money to the campaigns of politicians, with the understanding that these immigrants remain illegal, and that they remain in the work force in plentiful supply. This arrangement keeps wages low and insures that these employees will not call OSHA, will not sue, and cannot demand decent working conditions.
I knew a young Honduran man who fell off a roof while working for a roofing company. The supervisor called 911 and told the ambulance drivers that he didn’t know who this injured man was. The man spoke no English, was illegal, and was powerless to object. He was not paid, charity paid for his hospital stay, and he was on his own with a bad back. They did not need workers compensation insurance, they had fraud and you paid for it. This is the system we support by keeping workers labeled “illegal”.
Commercial buildings hire management companies to hire the cleaning crews, who often work night shifts. If those employees happen to be illegal, it is two degrees of separation before the claim of “we did not know”. I met a landscaper who hired workers by the day and paid cash, claiming “I assume they are legal and will pay their own taxes”.
The end result of this accepted practice is lower costs to businesses, cheaper houses, a large pool of affordable housekeepers, cheap produce and well mown lawns.
It becomes difficult for American citizens working in these job markets to make a decent salary.
I have actively been a capitalist entrepreneur for over 40 years and I understand that getting the most for your labor dollar is important, and that improving efficiency and delivering a quality product to the customer is part of the reason capitalism works–when it works. However, a constant downward pressure on wages has caused many of us in the middle class to suffer. Not all this work is done by illegal immigrants, but they affect the wages of those who do the rest. In places like Texas, where the political establishment has protected employers of illegal workers, the income from manual labor jobs is below a decent living standard.
Giving guest workers some path to work in this country within a legal structure would benefit that worker and all the American citizens that compete in the same job market. Keeping the worker in a shadow economy benefits nobody but the people who exploit them.
It is not the immigrant that comes and sucks vitality out of the economy, they are a potent source of energy for our country. However, the unscrupulous employer who hires the immigrant at unreasonably low wages or the corporation that pretends it did not know that subcontractors were hiring illegal workers, they are hurting the American worker.
Should the buyer/consumer who knowingly purchases a product produced by that labor bear responsibility? What about the politician that makes sure this system of exploiting labor keeps him in office by demonizing the “illegal immigrant” and accepting donations from businesses that depend on them?
I do not suggest that we hand out citizenship to visiting workers, but I think we need to develop a guest worker system that ensures non-citizen employees are not living in a shadow economy that gives employers the ability to exploit them at the cost of their health and dignity and harms our unemployed and underemployed American citizens.
Most of the hundreds of illegal workers that I have worked along side of were hard working, honest people who sent much of their money back to their home country to support the mothers, children and siblings left behind. They had family values and a work ethic. I would never direct my anger at the people who come here to better their lives.
Of course, some of the illegal immigrants are criminals, and they should be dealt with like we deal with our home grown criminals.
America’s support of the dictators in Central America and our demand for illegal drugs has made living conditions in many countries untenable for the law abiding and very profitable for the criminal. So called “free trade” agreements have destroyed the small farms and family businesses in much of Central America.
If we need the energy and labor of visiting workers, let’s welcome them to work along side us and give them decent living conditions and a living wage, with an understanding that they are here under some sort of a legal, taxable agreement. The system we have right now is illegal under the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
I support people who work hard, those who pay them well and those who treat them with dignity. This is not what we are getting in the present American labor market.
I can stand in line at the department store and hear condemnation of these immigrants from people who are buying the products they produce. One cannot pay and employ someone under decent conditions and sell green beans or chicken for $1.59 a pound. When we buy many cheap products we are supporting some type of exploitation, usually of the worker and the environment, and we should not blame the exploited worker, illegal or legal, but blame ourselves.
I am wondering if Donald Trump and his companies aren’t one of the largest employers of illegal immigrants in America? He would be lost without the housekeepers veiled under two or three degrees of separation.
Who built your house and who harvested your dinner?
I respect those who did, and hope we will rebuild respect for people who do manual labor in America–legally. After all, I am one of them.
Bones from one chicken
Add chicken feet if available
One tablespoon of tomato paste
Two tablespoons of vinegar
One large onion
Two stalks of celery
one bay leaf
5 – 6 peppercorns
Handful of parsley and/or cilantro
Any other vegetables you want to get out of the fridge
Pull the bones apart, brush the bones with tomato paste, add vinegar and vegetables and cover them with water in a stock pot. I add any scraps of meat, skin or fat to the pot. Bring to a boil and then simmer for four to 24 hours on low.
Strain the bones and vegetables out and use the broth for a very healthy soup.
1 frozen whole chicken – We sell the best free range, pastured and organically fed chicken.
1/2 cup salt
Fresh ground pepper
one garlic bulb
Vegetables: I use onions, potatoes, mushrooms, cauliflower, broccoli, tomatoes beets, carrots, squash, peppers, whatever is in season
Take a five quart pan, add two quarts of water and dissolve 1/2 cup of salt. Add the frozen chicken, add water to cover and set in the refrigerator to thaw overnight.
Pat the chicken dry, rub with olive oil and pepper.
Put cut vegetables in a bowl and coat with olive oil, salt and pepper. Add one garlic bulb, peeled and sliced. Use as many vegetables as your pan will allow. Put the chicken in the middle of a roasting pan, arrange the vegetables around the chicken, and bake at 350˚ for about one hour to one and a half, depending on size. Stir the vegetables occasionally.
I cook it until it reaches 160˚. Remove from the oven and let it stand for 15 minutes before carving.
This usually gives the two of us three or four meals before we boil the chicken to make broth and the last meal.
1 1/4 cups of cornmeal
1 cup wheat flour
2 tablespoons sugar
1 tablespoon baking powder
1 teaspoon salt
1 cup buttermilk
1/2 cup butter
1 cup chopped mustard greens, kale, collards etc.
1 cup corn kernels
1 chopped red bell pepper
Preheat oven to 350˚. Mix the dry ingredients and beat the eggs with the milk in separate bowls. Melt the butter in an iron skillet. Then stir the milk/eggs and the butter in with the dry ingredients. Mix in the vegetables, pour into the buttered skillet and bake for 30 to 40 minutes.
Of course you do not have to use an iron skillet, but it is what I use. If you do not melt the butter in the baking dish you will have to grease the baking dish. Experiment with different vegetables.
We are raising Laughing Frog Farm red broilers, aka freedom rangers. The chickens free range all day on pastures and in the woods. They are not confined in “tractors”. At night they go in the electric netting and portable huts that are periodically moved around our pasture. They eat bugs, seeds and grass, and we supplement with duckweed from our pond and farmed soldier fly larva.
Like our laying hens, they are also fed organic chicken feed from our friends at Coyote Creek Organic Feed in Elgin, Texas. We do not use the “natural” feeds, feed that is not free of pesticides, herbicides, synthetic nitrogen fertilizers and additives. All certified organic feed is also gmo free.
The red broilers were developed for France’s famous Label Rouge organic free-range chicken program. After WW II, industrialized farming introduced the now standard cornish cross chicken, with its’ huge breast and soft flesh, a chicken that could be raised to 7 pounds in 35 days, but could not walk or graze, which made it perfect for factory farming.
The French began to demand the taste of traditional poultry. They developed, from heritage stock, a slower growing, more muscular chicken, to be harvested at about 12 weeks.
We follow most of the Label Rouge standards for raising chickens which include:
• All birds have access to the outdoors from 9:00 am until dusk. (I let mine out before sunrise and close the door at dark).
• Each bird must have at least 22 sq. ft. of outdoor grazing space. (They have a lot more grazing space than that).
• Trees and brush are available for shade and browse. (No problem here)
• Feed must contain whole grains and not be medicated. No animal products or growth stimulators are allowed. (Thank you Coyote Creek)
• No pesticide use is permitted (Never happens)
• Birds must be grown a minimum of 81 days.
• There are also regulations about the maximum size of flocks, 4000 birds, and I will only have about 200 in a flock.
• We cannot follow the requirement that the birds be sold fresh, not frozen, due to local regulations and our distribution methods.
Our birds will be sold whole and frozen, with giblets, necks and feet sold separately
The first birds will be available at the farmers market on July 11, 2015. The whole birds mostly weigh between three and four pounds and cost $6.95 per pound.
Feet: $3.00 per pound
Necks: $3.50 per pound
Liver: $4.50 per pound in approx. 1 pound packages
Heart: $4.50 per pound in approx. 1 pound packages
Gizzard: $4.50 per pound in approx. 1 pound packages
They will be available in very limited quantity beginning July 11, so please contact me if you want to reserve one or more. When we run out we will not have them again for at least 81 days.
We will be at the Eastside Farmers Market on second and fourth Saturdays of each month.
Texas’s governor and attorney general, in response to the supreme court ruling on gay marriage, have said that if a ruling or law conflicts with your religious beliefs, you should not be legally required to obey it. That, of course, would pertain to Christians, Jews, Muslims, Hindus, Buddhists, American Indians, Baha’i, Taoists, etc., and I would assume it means any law. I wonder what Scientologists, Wicca, Vodun, or Atheists can do with this newfound freedom.
I am reminded of the civil rights era when issues like school segregation and interracial marriage were met with bible verses that “proved” that blacks and whites were never meant to be equal or together. “Religious liberty” was many people’s code for racism then. I remember the posters that a “religious” group stapled all over Berea College in December of 1971. They quoted scripture that they said “proved” that black people (not the word they used) were not human, and therefore without rights.
The use of pieces of scripture, searched for and plucked out, while ignoring the rest of the bible, is not the true basis of Christianity, no matter for how many centuries you repeat them.
Islamic fundamentalist militants use the same method to justify their actions.
After many people searched 31,173 verses in the bible (thanks google), some found six or seven passages that could be interpreted to support discrimination against homosexuals. There are more verses about figs than homosexuals. People love to quote one line from Leviticus, but you seldom hear the one on shellfish or mixing fabrics, much less all that stoning of people.
Many couples choose for marriage to be a religious union, which no one is objecting to and this ruling will not change, but marriage is not solely an institution of your religion. People with no religion get married in America.
This does not mean you need to approve of gay or interracial marriage. I do not approve of much of what we Americans do and I can find passages in the bible to support my beliefs, including our consumerism, wars, and the mass incarceration of the poor. I do not like the fact we subsidize monoculture and the inhumane treatment of farm animals, both condemned in the bible. But I do not stand in front of the supermarket to castigate people buying cruelly raised meat and quote Deuteronomy 25:4 or Proverbs 12:10.
In the meantime I will look at the bible for a solution to the smothering effect the state of Texas has on my farm requiring a nursery permit, a food establishment license, an aquaculture permit, and heck even a fishing license for my own pond. I know I can find a passage in the bible to back me on these core beliefs of my religion.
Then I will move on the bigger things like funding those wars. I think this new direction the state of Texas is taking will be a fun ride. Start reading your religious texts.
If I can only find a religion that says we should not pay taxes.
Tuesday’s encounter with a great horned owl, caught in my electric netting as he tried to grab one of my hens, brings me back to the question of predators, a place all farmers visit occasionally. As a permaculturist I try to mimic nature in my gardens and pastures. I mob graze the sheep through small diverse pastures in an attempt to copy the movement of the wild herds. My gardens are not monoculture, but include diverse plantings with fruit trees nearby, and borders of grapes and berries. We introduce a predator, chickens, to roam around the gardens catching the grasshoppers and beetles.
We welcome predator insects and insect eating wild birds.
The question is not how we can rid our farm of predators, but how we can protect our animals from the owls, hawks, coons and coyotes.
Kenan “nosed” that the owl in question, who rode in a dog crate to the Wildlife Center of Texas for rehab, had recently been eating a skunk, another chicken predator. Did that owl save a chicken from a skunk before he tried to kill one? The owl will eat baby possums, who, when grown, will eat my chickens as well, but possums also eat copperheads and roaches. It is a complicated system.
We have manipulated the system for many years without observing and understanding it.
We consider our a farming practice regenerative permaculture. To regenerate the ecosystem, we have to cooperate with nature, not control it.
The smallest predators, the microbes, live underground. The anthropods eat the nematodes, who eat the protozoa, who eat the bacteria. The chain goes on with earthworms, insects and birds, until you get to the king of the forest.
I do not want to fix mother nature.
That does not mean I want wild hogs and coyotes on my property. I need to protect my animals. I work to discourage the predators and fence them out.
But let’s face it. If we want to get rid of the most effective and destructive predator of all, we would have to kill ourselves.
The owl was doing fine at last WTC report.